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CO2 capture and storage

Despite a context that has not been conducive to its industrial development so far, CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) remains a potential contributor to the reduction in CO2 emissions. The only national research center to cover the entire CCS chain, IFPEN has developed and maintains accessible technologies to launch a CCS activity as soon as required.

IFPEN’s research in the field of CO2 capture firstly concerns the development of oxycombustion processes, particularly Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC). Conducted in partnership with Total, research has led to improvements in the resistance over time of the oxygen-carrying materials. In this area, IFPEN, working within the context of the European FP7 Success project, evaluated the performance of two synthetic formulations selected for industrial scale production. The alternative offered by the use of natural materials gave rise to a first initiative launched with the BRGM in 2015.

                                     Chemical Looping Combustion pilot unit.

Concerning postcombustion capture by solvents, in 2015 IFPEN was recognized for its DMX process, identified by the Europic consortium as one of the twelve innovations aimed at process intensification qualified as success stories. Its performances were also recognized at the 12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Technologies in the USA, as well as the conference organized in November 2015 in Rueil-Malmaison by the European FP7 project Octavius. Arcelor Mittal is currently considering its use for CO2 capture in blast furnace flue gases.

Lastly, IFPEN is leading the ANR Dalmatien project, concerning the potential impact of degradation products from CO2 capture using amines.

IFPEN’s research in the field of the geological storage of CO2 concerns the development of storage security tools. For example, within the European FP7 Mirecol project, IFPEN is helping to define the corrective measures to implement in the event of the detection of a CO2 leak.

In 2015, IFPEN also developed two devices to monitor greenhouse gas emissions near the surface and below ground. The advantage with these is that they measure CO2 and methane emissions at industrial and waste storage sites, as well as several natural gas tracers, in order to detect abnormal emission levels against a reference measurement. The solutions are set to be launched to market in 2017.

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