The conversion of heavy oils and coal, along with the desulfurization of fuels, are triggering an increase in the demand for hydrogen. It is estimated that this demand could double by 2030.
IFP Energies nouvelles is working on two types of production: centralized and decentralized.
R&D in the field of centralized production is based on the HyGenSysTM concept studied by IFP Energies nouvelles enabling the production of hydrogen and electricity from natural gas with lower CO2 emissions and a lower cost compared to existing technologies. A version of the process designed solely for hydrogen production (without the coproduction of electricity) is also being considered. At the same time, work is being conducted on capture using adsorbents of the CO2 resulting from hydrogen production.
IFP Energies nouvelles completed the development of a decentralized production process designed to produce hydrogen from ethanol in smaller units in 2011. The hydrogen produced has the advantage of having a lower greenhouse gas content.