European technology platforms help industrial and academic research communities to streamline their efforts around shared timelines and strategic research agendas.
IFP Energies nouvelles is actively involved in two European platforms:
Worldwide energy consumption is growing by 2% a year today. At this pace, it will plausibly double by 2050. Forecasts also suggest that renewable sources will account for less than one-third of worldwide energy production by then. The remaining two-thirds, it follows, will come from fossil fuels which will generate and release huge amounts of CO2 and thereby exacerbate the greenhouse effect.
Curbing greenhouse-gas emissions
The goal, in other words, is to reduce CO2 emissions. Generating electricity using fossil fuels but without releasing greenhouse gases (i.e. using CO2 capture and geological-storage technology) is one of the options that experts across Europe are appraising. Applied on a large scale, this new technology could cut Europe's CO2 emissions by 56% by 2050.
Developing solutions to capture and store CO2
ZEP was set up to promote technologies aiming at generating electricity using fossil fuels without releasing CO2.
It broached the issue from four strategic angles:
ZEP has been advocating the building of a dozen industrial-scale CO2 capture and geological storage operations since 2007. These units will be built in various European countries by 2015 with a view to entering commercial operation in or around 2020.
Graeme Sweeney from Shell, is running this platform which counts top-ranking public-sector and non-governmental organizations. Members include electric companies (RWE, E.ON and EDF), equipment provider (Alstom and Siemens) and oil companies (BP, Statoil, etc.).
IFP Energies nouvelles's Chairman and CEO, Olivier Appert, is serving as ZEP's Vice President.More information :
Reducing greenhouse-gas emissions
In 2007, biofuels only provided 2,6% of the energy that Europe's transport sector consumed. The goal is to gradually replace oil with environment-friendlier biofuels. The European Commission set up this technology platform in a bid to curb reliance on oil and thereby reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, including CO2.
This platform's mandate involves drafting an action plan to increase the share of biofuels in the transport sector to 25% by 2030.
It is doing so by pursuing three strategic goals:
This platform counts members from the various business sectors concerned by developments in the biofuels field. Members include companies such as Total, Neste Oil, Repsol, Volkswagen, Volvo, Abengoa, and research centers (e.g. ECN, VTT, IFP Energies nouvelles).
IFP Energies nouvelles is involved in Biofuels workpackages: Xavier Montagne (Scientific Management), Jean-François Gruson (Economics and Information Watch and Management Division) and Pierre Porot (Refining-Petrochemicals Technology Business Unit) vice-chair of the workpackage dealing with conversion processes.