In a few words

Victor Court joined the Centre for Energy Economics and Management at IFP School in March 2020. He is involved in the teaching and organisation of the Centre's three programmes (Energy and Markets, Petroleum Economics and Management, and the Master's degree in Environmental, Energy and Transport Economics). His areas of interest are the interactions between technical change, energy transition and economic development in the long run.

After his engineering studies in environmental sciences (AgroParisTech) and his Master's degree in energy economics (IFP School), Victor completed a PhD thesis (Paris Nanterre University) on the role of energy for economic growth. This analysis focused in particular on the concept of Energy-Return-On-Investment (EROI), which is a measure of energy accessibility. During the three years following his PhD, Victor conducted research in various institutions. First at the Energy & Prosperity Chair and the Training Centre for Environment and Society at ENS Ulm. Then in England, in the Science Policy Research Unit at the University of Sussex in Brighton, where his work focused on the energy impacts of digital technologies.

In addition to his lectures and publications in various academic journals, Victor now focuses on writing books for the general public. The first of these will be an essay on the role of energy in the history of human societies.

Research subjects
Economical prosperity
History of energy
Ecological sustainability


- Court, V. L’emballement du monde : Énergie et domination dans l’histoire des sociétés humaines. Montréal, Écosociété, 2022..


Peer-reviewed journals:

- Brockway, P. E., et. al. Energy efficiency and economy-wide rebound effects: A review of the evidence and its implications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2021, vol. 141, 110781.

- Creutzig, F., et al. Reviewing the scope and thematic focus of 100,000 publications on energy consumption, services and social aspects of climate change: A big data approach to demand-side mitigation. Environmental Research Letters, 2021, vol. 16, n°3, 3001.

- Court, V. A reassessment of the Great Divergence debate: towards a reconciliation of apparently distinct determinants. European Review of Economic History, 2020, vol. 24, n°4, pp. 633–674.

- Hook, A., Court, V., Sovacool, B., & Sorrell, S. A systematic review of the energy and climate impacts of teleworking. Environmental Research Letters, 2020, vol. 15, n°9, 3003.

- Court, V., & Sorrell, S. Digitalisation of goods: a systematic review of the determinants and magnitude of impacts on energy consumption. Environmental Research Letters, 2020, vol. 15, n°4, 3001.

- Court, V., & McIsaac, F. A representation of the world population dynamics for integrated assessment models. Environmental Modeling & Assessment, 2020, vol. 25, n°5, pp. 611–632.

- Court, V. An estimation of different minimum exergy return ratios required for society. Biophysical Economics and Sustainability, 2019, vol. 4, n°3, 11.

- Court, V. Energy capture, technological change, and economic growth: an evolutionary perspective. Biophysical Economics and Sustainability, 2018, vol. 3, n°3, 12.

- Court, V., Jouvet, P.-A., & Lantz, F. Long-term endogenous economic growth and energy transitions. Energy Journal, 2018, vol. 39, n°1, pp. 29–57.

- Court, V., & Fizaine, F. Long-term estimates of the energy-return-on-investment (EROI) of coal, oil, and gas global productions. Ecological Economics, 2017, vol. 138, pp. 145–159.

- Fizaine, F., & Court, V. Energy expenditures, economic growth, and the minimum EROI of society. Energy Policy, 2016, vol. 95, pp. 172–186.

- Fizaine, F., & Court, V. Renewable electricity producing technologies and metal depletion: a sensitivity analysis using the EROI. Ecological Economics, 2015, vol. 110, pp. 106–118.


Working papers:

- Bovari, E., & Court, V. Energy, knowledge, and demo-economic development in the long run: a unified growth model. IFPEN Economic Papers, 2020, n°134.


Press (in French):

- Court, V. « L'énergie fossile, cette drogue dont nous n'arrivons pas à nous sevrer », The Conversation, juin 2021.

- Court, V. « La demande énergétique mondiale est sous-estimée, et c’est un vrai problème pour le climat », The Conversation, avril 2021.

- Court, V. « La transition énergétique n’est-elle qu’un mythe ? », propos de ma tribune pour Reporterre repris par Vincent Lucchese et publiés dans Usek & Rica, septembre 2019.

- Court, V. « Les heures sombres de la transition énergétique », propos recueillis par Juliette Nouel et publiés dans L'Actuariel, n°29, juin 2018.

- Court, V. « La dure loi de l’EROI », tribune pour Reporterre, le quotidien de l’écologie, octobre 2017.

-  Court, V. « Le taux de retour énergétique et son rôle dans la transition énergétique », entrevue en français pour le Conseil Régional de l’Environnement de Montréal (CREMTL), mars 2017.