Coastal sedimentary basins evolve under the effect of interactions between, on the one hand, hydroclimatic processes taking place in catchment areas, and on the other hand coastal marine processes that remodel the coastline. The evolution of these environments is naturally controlled by the climate, over different time periods (ranging from tens of years to thousands of years), through variations in sedimentary flows and erosion, which alter the terrain. Another more recent factor controlling geomorphological evolution which has an extremely significant impact is human activity. Anthropism has considerably modified the natural environment impacting resource management (aquifers) and regional planning (river bank instability, flood management, etc.).
In order to predict the impact of various environmental changes scenarii, and thus enable the planification of appropriate local policies, it is essential to have access to modeling tools capable of integrating these different aspects. This requires the development of numerical models that enable to integrate the factors driving changes in the natural environment. Such models must then be parametrized, and the main challenge here is to quantify the different controlling factors and their impacts on the environment over various periods of time.
The Rhône delta, and more particularly its evolution since the quaternary glaciation period, is the ideal laboratory for studying human/habitat interactions and their impacts on the environment. The stratigraphic evolution of the Rhône delta is extremely well documented through numerous sedimentary archives accessible both on the delta plain and in the marine area of the delta, as well as in the catchment area. Moreover, the numerical interpretation of old maps [1-3] and satellite data enable to unravel the evolution of land use, which can then be used as a basis for determining erosion potential and particle flows transported to the delta. The analysis of all this data (figure) will help at calibrating stratigraphic models of the delta’s past evolution, using DionisosFlowTM software. On this basis, it will be possible to propose predictive scenarii for the delta system evolution.
This approach, aiming at correlating the evolution of the Rhône catchment area with the delta’s sedimentary dynamic is being implemented within the framework of a PhD thesisa in partnership with Lumière Lyon 2 University and the Rhône Sediments Observatory (OSR).
a- Thesis title: “Impact of hydroclimatic and anthropological parameters on sedimentary dynamics. Rhône delta system in the Holocene-Anthropocene transition”.
- Martinez, T., Hammoumi, A., Ducret, G., Moreau, M., Berger, J.F., Deschamps, R., 2022. Semantic multi-class segmentation of the Cassini land use map (XVIIIth c.): the first step of a geomorphological comparative studies. Article submitted to Computer geosciences
- Martinez, T., Deschamps, R., Ducret, G., Berger, J.F., Hammoumi, A., Moreau, M., Jouet, G., Piégay, H., Vella, C., 2022. Fluvial geomorphology, sedimentology and cartography supporting spatio-temporal modelling of the large Rhodanian catchment area. Paper presented at the Quaternaire 13 conference, Strasbourg 14-18 March 2022
- Martinez, T., Hammoumi, A., Ducret, G., Moreau, M., Berger, J.F., Deschamps, R., 2022. Inputs and application of an automated multi-class segmentation of the Cassini land use map (XVIIIth c.) to the understanding of landscape and river dynamics at the end of the LIA. Extended abstract at IS Rivers congress, Lyon 4-8 July 2022
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