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Jean KITTEL

Materials & Corrosion Technical Advisor, Project manager
PhD in Electrochemistry
> 20 years experience in Materials and Corrosion. Materials Engineer from INSA de Lyon, 1997. PhD in Eectrochemistry (Paris 6), 2001. Habilitation from INSA de Lyon, 2011. Member of Cefracor / EFC /
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Charles-Philippe LIENEMANN

Charles-Philippe Lienemann - Scientific Advisor at the Physics and Analysis Division
Charles-Philippe Lienemann graduated at the University of Geneva (Switzerland) in 1993. He then joined University of Lausanne (Switzerland) within the group of D. Perret and Prof. J-C. Bünzli for his
Carnot IFPEN Ressources Energétiques
Innovation and Industry

IFPEN Ressources Energétiques Carnot Institute

Carnot IFPEN Ressources énergétiques

Reinforcing and accelerating R&I  

In 2020, IFPEN’s energy resources activities were awarded the “Carnot Institute” label, in recognition of the numerous active collaborative initiatives with economic players and academia, in France and around the world.  IFPEN Ressources Energétiques is now one of the 39 members of the Carnot network, initially for a period of four years.

Created by the French Ministry for Higher Education, Research and Innovation in 2006, the label is awarded to public laboratories very actively involved in partnership research with a view to supporting company innovation and the country’s growth.

Distributed throughout France, the Carnot Institutes work in synergy to pursue a common objective: to prepare the industrial and economic future, accelerating the transfer of research technologies to the socio-economic world.
 

Addressing the energy transition challenge

The IFPEN Ressources Energétiques Carnot Institute (IFPEN RE) is resolutely committed to the energy transition, seeking to: 

Supporting innovation in SMEs

In addition to the development of new energy technologies, IFPEN RE is committed to: 
-    proactively increasing the number of partnerships with intermediate-sized companies, SMEs and start-ups; 
-    enabling the Carnot Institute network to benefit from its international development expertise and also drawing on feedback in return.
 


A dense partnership network

The IFPEN Ressources Energétiques Carnot Institute enjoys close ties with industry, from micro-companies, SMEs and intermediate-sized companies through to major French and international industrial groups.

Moreover, it is actively involved in numerous international, European and national collaborative structures, placing it at the heart of a dense research partnership network.

Internationally, the IFPEN RE Carnot Institute has close ties with numerous Research Technology Organizations (RTOs), particularly via framework agreements and strategic partnerships.  Carnot research enjoys a high profile and more than half of its A-list publications are the fruit of cooperative international activities.  In addition it is a stakeholder in numerous world-leading scientific organizations and represents France on the Executive Committee of the International Energy Agency’s Technological Cooperation Program, IEA Wind

In Europe, the IFPEN RE Carnot Institute is positioned as a key player in the European Research Area (ERA) and works in synergy with platforms such as ETIP-DG in order to define industry’s needs and development opportunities in the geothermal energy sector.  In the field of CCUS, it also actively contributes to European networks such as ECCSEL and the ZEP platform to accelerate the deployment of these technologies.  In the field of geosciences, it contributes to the development of ground management solutions with the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA).

Nationally, the IFPEN RE Carnot Institute is an active contributor to the ANCRE research alliance, of which IFPEN is a founding member, and that of AllEnvi, dedicated to energy and the environment respectively.  It also participates in other themed structures, such as the  AVENIA competitiveness cluster dedicated to geosciences, the Club CO2 in the field of CCS, which it chairs, the EVOLEN association promoting French technological excellence, the CITEPH Open Innovation program supporting the development of SMEs and intermediate-sized companies in the energy field, and the Convergence Data IA Institute dedicated to digital technology.  
The IFPEN RE Carnot Institute also works closely with the university community and other public research organizations.  Finally, it is actively involved in demonstration projects within the framework of the French Investments for the Future Programs (PIA) supported by Ademe.
 

Expertise and skills  

•    Descriptive and quantitative geosciences 
•    Fluid, solid and structural mechanics 
•    Molecular and thermodynamic modeling 
•    Physical chemistry of complex materials and fluids 
•    Physics and Analysis 
•    Biotechnologies 
•    Chemical engineering and technologies  
•    Process design and modeling  
•    System modeling and simulation 
•    Digital science and technology 

 

Innovation and Industry

Our solutions

Carnot IFPEN Ressources EnergétiquesRisers and flow lines
Our solutions

IFPEN develops solutions to produce offshore oil and gas fields and optimize oil and gas flows from the reservoir through to treatment facilities.
 

Offshore drilling equipment

Clip Riser® and i-Clip Riser™ 1.0

Clip Riser® technology is a tried and tested fast connector system for drilling risers, developed by IFPEN since the 1980s. It is a solution designed to provide a secure connection between drilling risers and reduce the immobilization time of offshore vessels.
 

Clip Riser®

 

More than 40 risers equipped with Clip Riser® technology sold to date.

In order to offer a high level of service to Clip Riser® customers for the inspection, maintenance and repair of their drilling risers, IFPEN joined forces with AFGlobal Corporation and Expert Riser Solutions, which inspect, maintain and repair drilling risers, on land in both Brazil and the USA, as well as offshore around the globe, in line with IFPEN’s specifications.

IFPEN also signed a licensing agreement with AFGlobal Corporation concerning the supply of spare parts throughout the world, meeting the technical specifications of the original parts.

The i-Clip Riser 1.0 is the new generation of connector systems for drilling risers, qualified by IFPEN in 2018 and certified according to current API standards.

The advantages of this new generation :

  • easier inspection and maintenance (removable locking collar/connector can be completely dismantled),
  • compatible with Clip Riser® technology for upgrades.
     

Hybrid steel/composite line for drilling risers

A technology for high-pressure applications making it possible to make drilling risers lighter thanks to the use of a composite material to reinforce the pipes.
 

Safety lines (choke and kill lines) (15,000 psi-1,035 bars)

Main characteristics:

  • composite winding (carbon fiber/thermoplastic matrix) under tension,
  • the steel tube is resistant to tensile stress,
  • the carbon fiber reinforcement further improves resistance to pressure,
  • qualification of the 1035 bar technology via a 5-year field test.

Advantages:

  • 50% reduction in the weight of the safety lines (choke and kill lines),
  • 20% reduction in the weight of the riser,
  • simple joints compatible with all types of connectors and riser.
     

Safety lines (choke and kill lines) for high-pressure/high temperature application (HP/HT) (20,000 psi /1,500 bars and ≥180°C or 350°F)

The advantages of this new generation:

  • 1 hybrid tube for a 20,000 psi application lighter than a standard steel tube for 15,000 psi application,
  • compatible for upgrades (1,035 bar application to HP/HT application) with the same buoyancy modules.
     

4th-generation heave compensator

IFPEN proposes a new heave compensator concept that improves the precision of the device, while reducing the amount of onboard compressed air.

Advantages:

  • passive safety system,
  • high-pressure gas capacity volume cut by a factor of 3,
  • increased hook load accuracy (error < 0.6%),
  • no cable length variation (reduced cable wear),
  • compatibility with existing modules, making it suitable for use for upgrades.
     

Offshore production equipment and expertise

Flexible risers and flow lines

In the field of risers and flow lines, IFPEN is developing equipment in partnership with Technip FMC. IFPEN was the pioneer of flexible line technologies and continues to boast considerable expertise in their design and development. This expertise enables it to conduct research dedicated to the specific problems facing industrial players.

New technologies, such as carbon fiber armors and anti-H2S sheaths, are marketed by Technip FMC. Objective: to broaden the scope of use of flexible pipes for deep water applications and exposure to corrosion.
 

Flexible composite armors (carbon fiber)

Advantages:

  • lighter pipes: weight reduction of up to 20%,
  • elimination of corrosion problems associated with the metal structures,
  • cost reductions.
     

Flexible pipelines with anti-H2S polymer sheath

Advantages:

  • improvement in the equipment’s corrosion resistance (H2S content in production fluids of up to 15,000 ppm, to a temperature of 70°C [158°F]),
  • reduction in the quantity of steel used in the annulus,
  • lighter pipes: weight reduction of up to 30%,
  • cost reduction,
  • possibility of operating in deeper water or increasing pipe diameter,
  • possible uses: production operations in very sour fields, static applications (hose laid on the seabed) and non-dynamic applications.
     

Numerical simulation tools for seabed-surface links

Analysis of seabed-surface links: DeepLines®

The DeepLines® software used to analyze the dynamic behavior of risers, umbilicals and floating mooring systems was jointly developed with Principia, which is responsible for marketing the solution.
 

Assistance for the dimensioning of umbilicals and flexible pipes

Development example:

FEMUS™FEMUS™
Custom-developed for our partner within the framework of the IFPEN-Technip FMC partnership, IFPEN is developing FEMUS™, interfaced with the Abaqus® software, dedicated to the automated construction of simulation models for umbilical systems. This tool makes it possible to develop new umbilical designs more quickly, precisely evaluating their mechanical performance.

  
Numerical tools (calculation using the finite element method) for the prediction and understanding of the behavior of rigid pipes, flexible pipes and umbilicals

Examples of research activities conducted, within the framework of the IFPEN-Technip FMC partnership, on mechanical resistance and the influence of the installation method for reeled rigid risers:

Prédiction numérique de l’ovalisation de risers en acier pendant l’installationNumerical prediction of steel riser ovalization during installation
Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh (2017) International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference San Francisco, CA, USA, June 25-30, 2017
Copyright © 2017 by the International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)
ISBN 978-1-880653-97-5; ISSN 1098-6189

Calcul de l’historique des contraintes dans les câbles pendant des opérations d’installation Calculation of cable stress history during installation operations
OIPEEC Conference – Amsterdam – March 2019

Examples of research activities conducted, within the framework of the IFPEN-Technip FMC partnership, on the deformation of the structure of flexible pipes under high pressure conditions:

Déformation de la structure des conduites flexibles sous pressionDeformation of the structure of flexible pipes in high pressure conditions
Proceedings of the ASME 2017 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic
Engineering OMAE2018 June 17-22, 2018, Madrid, Spain

Calcul des contraintes dans les couches d’armures des conduites flexibles en service Stress calculation in the armor layers of operating flexible pipes
2011 SIMULIA Customer Conference – May 17-19 – Barcelona, Spain
Stresses in armour layers of flexible pipes : comparison of Abaqus® models

 

Multiphase pumping technology

IFPEN has considerable experience in the design of pumping systems and develops multiphase pumps. They make it possible to increase the pressure of unseparated liquid and gas production effluents for a broad spectrum of gas content levels, in order to transport them over long distances in flow lines. This technology makes it possible to:

  • increase the volumes produced and stabilize the production flow,
  • bring back on stream wells at the end of their life.
     

The Poseidon™ pump range enables the simultaneous transport of liquid and gas effluents, with a gas content ranging from 0 to 100% (preferably 80%).
  

Poseidon™ downhole pump 

More than 1,000 units sold.

  
Poseidon™ pump for submarine applications marketed by OneSubsea

More than 60 units installed.

The dimensioning and performance prediction of these pumps are carried out using design software developed in partnership with OneSubsea. With a view to optimizing pump performance, IFPEN is working to improve existing blades and define a new-generation hydraulic pumping system.
  

Flow assurance

In the field of flow assurance, IFPEN develops – or co-develops through R&I partnerships – models, test methodologies and solutions to:

  • understand and represent the physics of complex flows present in flow lines,
  • prevent or remove flow line blockages.
     

Research focuses primarily on:

  • understanding hydrate formation in flow lines, their transport, the risks of plugging and, where necessary, the appropriate methods of plug dissociation,
  • monitoring and modeling paraffin deposits in order to anticipate deposit growths,
  • paraffinic crude gelation and associated re-start problems.
     

Our service and expertise offer can take the form of studies or collaborative research projects. IFPEN organizes and coordinates JIPs (Joint industry projects), collaborative research projects bringing together industrial partners who jointly finance a program designed to understand and solve a target problem. With these projects, the financial risks are shared upstream and research results are shared downstream. They thus provide a platform for exploring avenues leading to innovations and give the partners a genuine competitive advantage with rapid access to new data, new analyses and new technologies. IFPEN is coordinating JIPs in partnership with more than 30 national and international operating companies.
 

Sensor dedicated to the early detection of a hydrate formation risk

ATOLI JIP. Objective: the development and qualification of an industrial prototype making it possible to better anticipate hydrate risks and thus reduce operating costs associated with the protection of flow lines using thermodynamic inhibitor injections.
 

Paraffin deposit monitoring and modeling system

The launch of a JIP in 2019 on paraffin deposits, with new deposit formation monitoring tools that will make it possible to:

  • gain a better understanding of deposit processes,
  • qualify deposit detection and monitoring methodologies.
     

Studies (additives and procedures) to prevent hydrate plugging in flow lines

In this area, the two phases of the AHToL (Additive and Hydrate at the Top of Line) JIP and the HYSIFLO (Hydrate Slurry Impact on the FLow properties of Oil fields) JIP involved working on the impact, control and optimization of additive injection, in gas and oil-dominant systems respectively, the objective being to provide operators with experimental proof and/or an extrapolation tool to help them choose their hydrate management strategy as a function of their field’s operating conditions.

« A JIP conducted by Technip FMC culminated in a global first. Tests took place between 2013 and 2015, with the formation and dissociation of hydrate plugs weighing 200 kg, on a heating pipe prototype built by TechnipFMC, connected to IFPEN’s testing facilities in Lyon. Different dissociation conditions were studied with a view to defining and validating operating procedures for the monitoring and safe dissociation of hydrate plugs by active heating. »

Martin Gainville, Fluid mechanics engineer, IFPEN
 

The cold restart of paraffinic crude oil flow lines

The 6th phase of the COLDSTART JIP began three years ago with three industrial partners (Alyeska Pipeline, Petronas, TotalEnergies) working alongside IFPEN. Objective: to gain a better understanding of the behavior of waxy crude oil in complex conditions (e.g., the impact of pressure or the presence of solid particles).
 

The problem of corrosion in offshore production

 i-Clip Riser™ 1.0
Responsible oil and gas
Innovation and Industry

Responsible oil and gas

Against the backdrop of the accelerating energy transition, the oil industry and related sectors need to continue to meet sustained demand, while significantly reducing their environmental footprint and energy consumption. IFPEN develops eco-efficient and flexible processes for the production of fuel and chemical intermediates meeting the strictest standards. To make better use of reserves, IFPEN also proposes increasingly efficient and cleaner, cutting-edge technologies for oil and gas exploration and production.
 

 

Innovation and Industry

Our strengths

Carnot IFPEN Ressources EnergétiquesRisers and flow lines
Our strengths

IFPEN boasts expertise recognized by a variety of industrial partners, with whom we have successfully built up close relationships over a number of years. We also have experimental facilities that, like our expertise, range from the laboratory scale to pilot tests.

Supported by its multidisciplinary teams, IFPEN is capable of proposing a global innovation workflow combining expertise on various experimentation scales with a view to optimizing structural design.

IFPEN uses its expertise and cutting-edge instrumentation to address your problems in the field, studying phenomena and validating new technologies.

Expertise supporting a global innovation workflow, from laboratory to pilot.
 

Innovation and Industry

Our networks

Carnot IFPEN Ressources EnergétiquesRisers and flow lines
Our networks

Within the context of the CORRTEX (Corrosion Research and Technical Expertise) Alliance, IFPEN has forged a strong partnership with the Institut de la Corrosion, the École des Mines engineering school in Saint-Etienne, the CNRS (French National Center for Scientific Research), the INSA Lyon (National Institute of Applied Sciences), the University Lyon 1, the University of Lyon, and MECM.

Axel'OneThe consortium partners have invested in a joint facility: a high pressure/high temperature corrosion test loop, hosted by the Axel’One Innovative Processes Platform at Solaize.

The objective is to pool corrosion tools and expertise as part of an open innovation approach and address the innovation needs of industrial players and SMEs.

 

Innovation and Industry

Risers and flow lines

Carnot IFPEN Ressources EnergétiquesRisers and flow lines​​​​​​
OVERVIEW AND CHALLENGES

Offshore production remains strategically important for international oil and gas companies. According to current estimates, it is likely to represent 30% of total oil and gas production by 2030 and 50% of reserves yet to be discovered.

The sector’s players need to adapt to an oil market that is still very tense. They are seeking to reduce the costs of projects to make them viable, while developing increasingly safe, eco-efficient and effective exploration and production technologies.

In this context, IFPEN develops new solutions adapted to the prevailing conditions in the offshore drilling and production equipment market, as well as for flow assurance.

IFPEN forges partnerships with French and European oil industry and oil-related sector players, with a view to working with them to design and validate equipment and technological solutions for drilling and production, solutions they will subsequently market.

IFPEN’s core activity in the field of flow assurance is aimed at providing its partners with a comprehensive understanding of the physical phenomena occurring inside facilities. This understanding also enables the development of appropriate monitoring solutions, thereby limiting risks, ensuring safe operating conditions and optimizing production.

IFPEN’s high tech contribution addresses the most advanced needs of its industrial partners, in order to support their competitiveness in a field in which the technical and economic challenges are numerous.
 

The challenges of offshore production:

  • drilling and producing in ultra-deep water,
  • extracting fluids in sometimes high-pressure, high-temperature and corrosive conditions,
  • transporting fluids over long distances in a low-temperature environment without forming hydrate or paraffin plugs,
  • pumping a mixture of water, oil and gas with highly variable gas contents,
  • separating effluents (gas, oil and water) on the seabed.
     

The oil industry needs to have access to technologies enabling safe, cost-effective offshore drilling and production operations, against a backdrop of volatile, potentially low barrel price.
 

75% of new oil and gas volumes discovered in 2017 were located offshore.

 

Designing and validating equipment and technological solutions designed to provide access to offshore resources, while ensuring the delivery of safe, cost-effective drilling and production operations.

Our solutions

Our networks

Our strengths

 

Science@ifpen n°34
News in brief

Semi-crystalline polymers: clays that are ignored?

In the energy sector, semi-crystalline polymersa are primarily used within structures located in aggressive environments, to form coatings (waterproofing, thermal or electric barriers). These
Issue 31 Science@ifpen
News in brief

The i-Clip-Riser® stands up to fatigue!

THÈSE DE VIDIT GAUR