Critical metals and rare earths
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While energy transition policies are theoretically and gradually reducing reliance on fossil energy production, they are creating new dependencies on other resources. These include critical metals.

«The geopolitical component of new energy policies and investments in renewable energies has not been widely explored. Such is the objective of the GENERATE (Geopolitics of renewable energies and prospective analysis of the energy transition) project that we submitted to the ANR with the IRIS (French Institute for International and Strategic Relations): study the future of energy geopolitics in the context of the low carbon transition. Our analysis will examine the geopolitical consequences of the dissemination of renewable energies in the global energy mix; including, the assessment of the criticality of materials used in energy transition technologies. Our aim is to propose a decision-making tool to support the introduction of international energy and climate policies.»

Emmanuel Hache, GENERATE project manager, IFPEN



Slavik Kasztelan

  • Program manager: “Petrochemicals” and "New technological markets"

Jérôme Sabathier

  • Head Economics & Environmental Evaluation Department